June 26, 2013 by admin



The Eiffel Tower is located in the western part of the French capital of Paris, on the left bank of the Seine River. From it the beginning of the Mars Field - an open, vast territory, which was used in the past as a slap for military campaigns and parades, and now represents a public park. Other landmarks are the Promenade Branli, which stretches along the Seine to two districts and stations of the Paris Metro - Bir-Hakeim, Trocadero and Ecole-Militaire. As for the size of the Eiffel Tower, according to 2010, its height is 324 meters. At the same time, over 40 years since its inception, the Eiffel Tower was the highest architectural structure on earth. It almost doubled the size of the highest structures of those years - the Egyptian pyramid of Cheops (146 m) and two German temples - Cologne (156 m) and Ulm (161 m). It's even hard to imagine how much paint can go to paint such a large design, however, the Eiffel Tower changed its color repeatedly and stood before the eyes of the Parisians and numerous tourists in yellow, then in reddish-brown tones. This continued until the patented "brown-eiffel" color, in which the tower was safely painted once in seven years during the last several decades, was not patented. At night, the Eiffel Tower appears before citizens and tourists in a completely different form. Since 1900, it has night illumination, which, as well as the color of the design itself, has undergone periodic changes. The last illumination was renovated in 2003, when for 30 months, 30 horse-drawn pilots rolled the tower of 40 kilometers of wires and connected 20 thousand light bulbs to them. Such a nightly "outfit" tower cost the French government at 4.6 million euros, however, according to eyewitnesses, it is worth it. Eiffel Tower History of the Eiffel Tower The history of the Eiffel Tower dates back to the 19th century, when the French authorities decided to hold a world exhibition in commemoration of the centenary of the Great French Revolution. In the course of the competition for architectural and engineering projects, a draft of the 300-meter tower, which was proposed by a successful French engineer and design specialist in steel structures Oleksandr Gustav Eifel, came out among 107 applicants. Interesting is the fact that in reality the idea of ​​constructing a tower was not at all Eiffel, but two of its assistants. However, it is obvious that without the use of special methods of construction, scientific development and even own financial investments Gustav Eiffel so complex in the technical plan of the project, without his direct participation, was not destined to be realized.   The construction of the Eiffel Tower took a little more than two years, from January 1887 to March 1889. It is believed that such short terms became possible due to the availability of high-quality and accurate drawings, indicating all the necessary sizes and calculations. Opened for visits in the spring of 1889, the Eiffel Tower, which the people called the "Iron Lady", had a tremendous success. This made it possible before the end of the year to reimburse most of the cost of construction. Despite the multimillion-long endless stream of those who want to see and visit the tower, there were those who categorically did not want to tolerate the presence of a similar building in their city. Since the beginning of the construction, the creative intellectuals of Paris, and moreover, throughout France, have made sharp speeches to Eiffel and his project. It is also known that more than 300 writers and artists sent an official protest to the Paris Municipality, which spoke about the construction of the building as a "useless and terrible" structure, "dominant over Paris as a giant factory smoke pipe." Their dissatisfaction was not accepted by the authorities for consideration, the Eiffel Tower was completed at a time, and initially, in accordance with the contract, dismantling of it was to be accomplished only after 20 years. However, neither in 20 years nor many years later this did not happen. The tower proved to be useful for technical progress, in particular for carrying out experiments in the field of wireless telegraph, radio and television broadcasting. For the transmission of regular television programs, it began to be used already since 1935, and two decades later on the Eiffel Tower was installed a television tower, which increased the height of the design by another 20 meters - up to 320, 75 meters. Today, the Eiffel Tower is the property of the city of Paris, and its founder Gustav Eiffel at the foot of the tower has a gilded bust with a simple inscription that informs about his years of life.   Eiffel Tower The attractiveness of the Eiffel Tower for tourists The Eiffel Tower is an attractive tourist attraction. At one point in it, without damage to the design, can accommodate 10,400 people. Here, besides the observation deck, located on the third platform, which has an altitude of 274 meters, there are restaurants and cafes. Of particular interest is, of course, the famous gourmet restaurant Jules Verne (Jules Verne) in a glass gallery. It is designed for 120 seats, but the table in it recommend a reserve